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Civil War Medical History at Ellwood


June 15 @ 10:00 am - June 16 @ 3:00 pm Free


Friends of Wilderness Battlefield
(540) 729-2885


Ellwood Manor
36380 Constitution Highway (Route 20)
Locust Grove, VA 22508 United States
+ Google Map
(540) 729-2885


Please join us on Saturday and Sunday, June 15-16, 2019, for demonstrations by Living Historians regarding medical practices during the American Civil War.  Medical and surgical methods are a captivating – and often misunderstood — aspect of the Civil War.  Living Historians representing the 2nd Corps Hospital Unit (CSA) will be on site all day Saturday and until 3:00 P.M. on Sunday to talk with visitors about various facets of Civil War medical and hospital procedures and address some of the common misconceptions of the care and treatment of Civil War soldiers.

Special programs will also be offered on Saturday, June 16.   Join us at 1:00 P.M. for a presentation discussing the wounding of General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, Civil War Medicine in general, and Ellwood as a Confederate Convalescent Hospital following the Battle of Chancellorsville in May of 1863.  Jackson was the most famous of the thousands of wounded Confederate soldiers treated at the Wilderness Tavern during and immediately after the fighting at Chancellorsville.  After the vast majority of the casualties were evacuated to points farther south days after the battle ended, those so badly injured that they might not survive the trip remained at Ellwood for up to four months. Visitors may like to bring a comfortable lawn chair for this presentation.

A guided walking tour of the Ellwood grounds will be offered at 11:00 AM and will last approximately 45 minutes. A guided walking tour to the Wilderness Tavern hospital site and the Wilderness Crossroads will also be offered on Saturday at approximately 2:30 P.M. — following the 1:00 P.M. program.  The tour takes approximately one hour and fifteen minutes and begins behind the house near the Welcome tent. It is approximately 1.5 miles in length over unpaved terrain.  Visitors will see parts of historic road traces of the Orange Turnpike, Germanna Plank Road, and the Ellwood Carriage road, as well as crossing over the Wilderness Run on a solid wooden footbridge. Sturdy walking shoes and appropriate hiking clothes are recommended, as well as using sunscreen, insect repellent, and bringing along a bottle of water.

Friends of Wilderness Battlefield (FoWB) volunteers will be available to assist visitors with possible ancestral connections with the Battle of the Wilderness or Ellwood, in the Heritage Program tent on the grounds.

The historic structure Ellwood will be open from 10:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. and FoWB interpreters will be available to talk with visitors and answer questions.

All programs are free and open to the public.

Ellwood Manor is a circa 1790 house within Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park.  The cemetery contains the grave of Confederate General “Stonewall” Jackson’s amputated arm from the Battle of Chancellorsville, and the house was a Federal headquarters during the Battle of the Wilderness.  Ellwood Manor is owned by the National Park Service.  Friends of Wilderness Battlefield is pleased to steward the property in partnership with the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. For more information or directions, please visit us at fowb .org/index.php/news/events.

For more information about Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park, please visit