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Chatham is one of America's most beautiful and historic houses. Built in the 18th century by William Fitzhugh, the house served as a headquarters and hospital for the Union army during the Battle of Fredericksburg. Ransacked during the Civil War, the house was restored in the 20th century and remained a private residence until 1975, when it was given to the National Park Service. Films and displays inside the house describe its history.
Many notable people have visited Chatham in its 200-year history, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Robert E. Lee, Abraham Lincoln, Clara Barton, Walt Whitman, Washington Irving, and George Marshall. The house has a lovely formal garden and its location on the bluffs overlooking the Rappahannock River offers an outstanding view of the City of Fredericksburg.